Nephrotic Syndrome

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What is nephrotic syndrome?

Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common kidney related disorders in children. It causes the body to pass an excess of protein into the urine, resulting in swelling in the limbs, face and abdomen.

What causes it?

This condition is usually due to affectation of the tiny blood vessels of the kidney. This can result from infections, systemic diseases, or an immune related issue. Your own body produces a heightened inflammatory response that can attack the vessels in the kidney.

What are the symptoms?

Some symptoms of nephrotic syndrome include swelling in various parts of the body, particularly near the eyes, ankles and feet. Your child’s urine may appear foamy. Unexplained weight gain can occur as a result of abnormal fluid retention.

How can it be treated?

In diagnosing the condition, Dr Moodley is likely to do blood and urine tests. Patients will require replacement of the lost protein. This is administered in a drip. Steroids are also used.

The definitive treatment that Dr Moodley recommends will depend on any underlying medical conditions that may be causing your child’s nephrotic syndrome. Complications are also treated.



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