Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are unable to properly filter waste from the blood. When the kidneys are functioning correctly, they work by filtering the blood and extracting toxins from the body. These are removed from the body through urination.
Kidney failure can be caused by a number of factors. Some of the most common causes include:
This includes passing less urine than normal, fluid retention which can lead to swollen legs and feet, shortness of breath, nausea, and chest pain.
Immediate life saving treatment may warrant the use of dialysis - a machine which filters and purifies the blood in the way properly functioning kidneys do. The treatment that Dr Moodley recommends will depend on the reason for your child’s kidney failure. It is important to identify and treat the cause of kidney failure.
Should the initial kidney failure not recover and if it progresses to chronic kidney disease, dialysis will become permanent until kidney transplant can be performed.